Kathmandu [Nepal], Jan 31 (ANI): The Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) is drafting a brand new anti-corruption law in a bid to prevent locals from carrying out corruption activities in authorities places of work and Multi-National Companies (MNCs) in Nepal.
The CIAA officers harassed that they had been making efforts to make the new anti-corruption law on par with the “United Nations (UN) Convention in opposition to Corruption” that Nepal signed in 2011, the Kathmandu Post suggested.
According to the draft regulation made to date, it said, “If any Nepali working in overseas or worldwide public entities supplied any graft or undue advantage or agreed to provide such advantages to the foreign officials and officers of public global corporations in exchange for undue blessings, such individual could be penalized”.
“Those who encourage Nepalis working in foreign or global groups to make such proposals can also be penalized but half of the punishment may be meted out to the principal guilty”, it continued.
The Article sixteen of the UN anti-corruption regulation mandates provisions for introducing legislative and other measures towards offering a bribe to foreign public officers and officers of public global businesses.
The regulation directs the states to penalize non-public quarter officers if they may be determined to conduct corruption sports.
However, Nepal’s anti-corruption draft law sought to carry public confined corporations under surveillance and not the private restricted organizations.
The draft bill categorizes banks and financial establishments, cooperatives, insurance organizations, public confined companies indexed on the stock alternate, non-authorities companies and patron committees established to keep and use natural resources as public entities.
“As the cash of standard public is used by these institutions, we’ve got sought to categorize them as public entities and bring those going for walks such institutions under the purview of the anti-graft body”, CIAA Spokesperson Padam Prasad Pandey stated.
Public officials involved in such acts as putting requirements to limit competition, approving re-evaluation of soft for an undue gain and changing specs intentionally or making others accomplish that can be penalized under the brand new law.
“The CIAA Act defines misuse of authority as improper behavior. The draft law seeks to deliver individuals who affect or convince public officials to misappropriate revenues under the CIAA’s watch. For instance, the CIAA filed a corruption case in opposition to contributors of the Tax Settlement Commission on the rate of bringing blessings to organizations in dubious methods but the anti-graft body now lacks jurisdiction to penalize the personal region that benefited from the TSC’s choices”, Pandey persisted.
The CIAA has additionally proposed movement towards officials for no longer taking well-timed decisions with a reason to carry undue blessings to a person on the value of public entities.
Pandey stated that if any public legit gives a proper and proper reason for failing to take selections on time, then no action would be initiated towards that reputable. (ANI)
A popular is a file that provides necessities, specs, suggestions or traits that may be used continually to make sure that materials, merchandise, techniques, and offerings are in shape for his or her motive.
Standards make a giant contribution to maximum elements of our lives. Usually, when products meet our expectations, we generally tend to take this for granted. We are usually blind to the function performed by way of requirements in elevating ranges of first-class, safety, reliability, efficiency and interchangeability as well as in presenting such advantages at an economical fee. Standards used may be a neighborhood, home, countrywide, international or global. There are several requirements establishments which increase and improve the standards on an ordinary foundation.
Some of the important fashionable institutions are:
1. Nepal Bureau of Standards & Metrology (NBSM)
2. International employer for Standardization (ISO)
3. American Society for testing and materials (ASTM)
1. Nepal Bureau of Standards & Metrology (NBSM)
Nepal Bureau of Standards & Metrology (NBSM) is the National Standard Body in Nepal. It is a Government organization underneath the Ministry of Industry. It is likewise the national inquiry point for WTO (TBTs & NTMs) and focal point for National Authority on Disarmament Affairs (NADA).
NBSM become established with an imaginative and prescient
· To provide efficient and timely provider.
· To fulfill the client’s want for exceptional goods and offerings.
· To boost cognizance inside the discipline of standardization & metrology.
Government’s Industrial coverage of 1974 identified that the financial development turned into possible handiest through the economic development in the united states of America and the economic improvement is possible best thru the great manufacturing in compliance with required standards. Hence, it turned into felt that there’s an ardent want of an agency that appears after the activities concerning standardization and pleasant manipulate for qualitative development within the business manufacturing and to beautify productiveness. That turned into how National Standards Body got here into lifestyles in Nepal.
Under the “Nepal Standard (Certification Mark) Act 2037”, Nepal Council for Standards (NCS) was fashioned as the governing body for Quality, Standards, Testing and Metrology (QSTM) activities in Nepal and NBSM is to behave as the secretariat to this council.
Objectives of NBSM
· Harmonious development of standardization, marking and excellent certification.
· Harmonious improvement of clinical and criminal metrology.
· To facilitate the development of production and exports.
Major Activities of NBSM
The foremost activities of NBSM are to:
· Formulate national requirements,
· Operate the product certification mark,
· Provide trying out centers and technical services within the fields of Standardization, Metrology and Quality Control (SMQC),
· Work as the 1/3 birthday celebration ensuring enterprise,
· Provide provider for lot certification and pre-shipment inspection, as well as laboratory popularity,
· Launching of patron cognizance packages on quality,
· Provide laboratory services for testing of diverse commodities,
· Involve in environmental safety,
· Legal metrology and calibration offerings for weighing and measuring devices.
2. International Agency for Standardization (ISO)
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the sector’s biggest developer of voluntary International Standards, based in 1947. ISO have posted more than 19,500 International Standards protecting nearly all elements of technology and business. Today, there are members from 164 nations and about a hundred and fifty humans work complete time for Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland.
ISO Code of ethics
a) Committed and organized to satisfy demanding situations of the twenty-first century
As providers of solutions to business, authorities, and society, ISO and its contributors recognize that it’s far vital to behavior sports in a moral manner that merits the self-assurance of all events concerned in standardization and of most of the people.
B) Developing globally applicable International Standards in an honest, responsive and efficient way
c) Promoting the implementation of International requirements and associated top conformity evaluation practices
d) Monitoring ISO’s integrity and shielding ISO’s photograph
e) Taking into account the development size
Benefits of International Standards
ISO help to harmonize technical specifications of services and products making an industry more efficient and breaking down barriers to worldwide trade. Conformity to International Standards facilitates reassure customers that merchandise is safe, efficient and excellent for the surroundings.